Every month, the Institute of International Monetary Research produces a series of notes analysing the latest monetary trends in the world's largest economies - the USA, China, Japan, India, the UK and the Eurozone - along with an accompanying video.
December''s video can be accessed here and you can download the December 2018 monetary update note by clicking on the image on the right below
Alternatively, you can watch the video below
For previous monthly updates and videos , please go to our archive page.
Banking and finance in the early years of the United States of America were chaotic. Two of the founding fathers - Thomas Jefferson and James Madison - were hostile to banking, since the issue of paper money led to inflation and default. According to Jefferson,
"...banking establishments are more dangerous than standing armies"
The Great Recession of 2008 - 09 renewed concern about the potential role of the banking system in social and financial instability, and argued for more research and analysis about this critical topic.
The purpose of the Institute of International Monetary Research is to demonstrate and bring to public attention the strong relationship between the quantity of money on the one hand, and the levels of national income and expenditure on the other.
The Institute is heavily involved in the analysis of banking systems, particularly their role in the creation of new money balances. The relationships between money and national income/expenditure hold in all countries over long periods, and the Institute's research covers many countries. The "quantity theory of money" could be characterized as an "always-and-everywhere theory".
The Institute - which is associated with the University of Buckingham in England - was set up in 2014, in the aftermath of the Great Financial Crisis (a.k.a., "the Great Recession") of 2007 - 2009. It is an educational charity.